The Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio (TSO) was organized in 1930, and Alexander Orlov became its first director. Initially the TSO was engaged in concert performances of opera music but in the very first years of its existence the TSO went beyond the borders of the Radiotheatre, and began to give its own performances. In 1937 there came another director, Nikolai Golovanov, and the next 16 years in the history of the orchestra, as well as its further establishment and formation of individual performing personality, were closely connected with him. In 1953 Alexander Gauk, a brilliant musician, succeded Golovanov, and from 1961 to 1974 the orchestra was directed by Ghennady Rozhdestvensky, a bright interpretator of twentieth-century music. Since 1974 till now the orchestra has been headed by Vladimir Fedoseyev, an outstanding conductor. Each of the TSO directors was a phenomenon in the world musical culture, and each made his contribution to shape up the artistic style and personality of the orchestra. It is to the TSO that such prominent composers like D.Shostakovich, A.Khachaturian, N.Miaskovsky, S.Prokofiev, R.Gliyer, D.Kabalevsky, G.Sviridov, B.Chaikovsky and others trusted the first performances of their works. The orchestra was conducted by such famous Russian and foreign musicians as b.Khaikin, L.Stokovsky, G.Abendrot, K.Tsekki, A.Kluitens, G.Fattelburg, K.Zanderling, Yev.Mravinsky. The unforgettable names of distinguished performers went down in the TSO history. The TSO concerts with participation D.Oistrach, L.Kogan, S.Richter, E.Gilels, I.Arkhipova, I.Kozlovsky, V.Tretiakov and Yu.Bashmet became remarkable events.

The geography of the TSO tours is very wide. The musicians gave guest performances in small and big cities of this country and abroad including Europian, Asian and American capitals. The TSO is a permanent participant of major musical festivals: "Russian Winter", "May Stars", and "Moscow Autumn". It was the central and most successful participant of the European festivals in Salzburg and Bregenz, in Vienna, in the "Russian Festivals" in London and Skriabin Festival in Graz, the Tchaikovsky Festival in Munich and Frankfurt, the "Prague Spring" to name but a few. In 1992 the TSO took part in the Beethoven Festival in the composer's native city of Bonn gathering the best orchestras of the world, and critics ranked the TSO performing the Seventh Symphony by Beethoven and the Fourth Symphony by Mahler first among other no less glorious performers.

The orchestra fully cooperates with major music recording firms such as JVC and Pony Canyon (Japan), Music (Austria) and Sony Classical (Europe) and wins the first prizes at their competitions. Thus in 1988 the orchestra won the Crystal Prize of the Japanese Broadcasting Corporation Asahi Hoyu for the best performance of the year.

The winner of the Glinka Prize, Vladimir Fedoseyev finished the post graduate course in 1968 specialing in conducting opers and symphony music in the class of professor Leo Ginzburg. When, in 1974, he was invited to take the position of the TSO director, he had a large experience already of working with the famous orchestras (Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bolshoi Orchestra and the Kirov Theatre Orchestra, as well as the Russian Folk Instruments Orchestra which had won world acclaim under Fedoseyev's direction).

But it was exactly with the TSO, in work with a superb ensemble of performers multifarious performing activities of the orchestra of radio and television, that Fedoseyev revealed in all its glory his talent of a Chief Conductor.

Fedoseyev is a thoughtful, serious conductor. He feels in depth the author's conception. The foreign press always emphasizes the orchestra's wide and non-traditionally Russian repertory. However, special recognition was won by the orchestra conducted by Fedoseyev for its execution and recording of Russian music: Tchaikovsky, Scriabin, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Stravinsky, Shostakovich and Sviridov.

Vladimir Fedoseyev is constantly invited to work with best European orchestras. He worked in Germany with the orchestras of Hamburg, Studtgart and Frankfurt; in France he conducted the National Orchestra and the Philharmonic Orchestra of the Radio France, in Italy he worked with the orchestra of La Scala (Milan), with Radio and Television Orchestras of Rome, Milan and Turin. Fedoseyev and the company "Classical Version" (England) made recordings of all the piano concertos by Tchaikovsky with M.Pletnev as a solist. Fedoseyev is the famous opera conductor performing with the best opera theatres of Europe: La Scala (Milan), opera theatres of Rome, Florence and Bologne, Stadt Opera of Vienna ("You cannot imagine the music life of Vienna without this Russian conductor..."). Fedoseyev is a constant participant in world choral festivals arranged in Oslo, Stokholm and Munich, where he conducted "Requiem" by Verdi performed by a two-thousand-strong choir and the best solists of the world - Luciano Pavarotti, Carol Vaness, Franco de Grandis, Florence Quivar and Roberto Scandiuzzi. But Maestro Fedoseyev has remained faithful to his orchestra connected with him by bonds of "the love forever". In the twenty years of joint work and mutual enrichment the performing style of the orchestra has acquired an individual colouring. Its manner is bright and clearly recognizable, no matter where it performs - in the concert halls, over the radio or television. What can be more? But Maestro remains in a constant quest for new music, new ways and new solutions. The Vienna newspaper Die Presse was justified in writing that "all done by this artist or to be done in the future went through his heart and mind. His musicians follow him obediently and work wonders. The same pieces can be performed differently but they cannot be performed better."

[Classical Music in Russia] [Audio Archive]
TSO: [Main page] [Audio Archive] [Photo Gallery]

Music Banner Club